Reperfusion of ischemic myocardium is accompanied by intracellular Ca2+ overload, leading to cardiac dysfunction. However, the mechanisms underlying intracellular Ca2+ overload have yet to be fully elucidated. The mechanism may involve the activation of store-operated Ca2+ entry, which is primarily mediated through the transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels. This study was undertaken to examine the possible involvement of TRPC channels in the development of contractile dysfunction associated with reperfusion of ischemic myocardium using a mouse heart model. The functional expression of TRPC channels was confirmed in mouse ventricular myocytes using immunocytochemistry, Western blotting, and patch-clamp experiments. The left ventricular functions were assessed by measuring left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, left ventricular developed pressure, and its first derivatives in a Langendorff-perfused mouse heart subjected to 30 minutes of normothermic (37°C) global ischemia followed by 60 minutes of reperfusion. Under control conditions, left ventricular functions were deteriorated during reperfusion, which was significantly ameliorated by administration of the TRPC channel blockers 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate and La3+ during initial 5 minutes of reperfusion. Our findings suggest that TRPC channels are involved in mediating contractile dysfunction during reperfusion of ischemic myocardium and detect TRPC channels as a potential therapeutic target for preventing myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury.