CYP2C19 Genotype is an Independent Predictor of Adverse Cardiovascular Outcome in Iraqi Patients on Clopidogrel After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

To determine the impact of CYP2C19 genotyping on the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), in cohort of Iraqi patients on clopidogrel after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), a total of 201 Iraqi patients undergoing the latter procedure were enrolled. All enrollees had their CYP2C19 genotyped using polymerase chain reaction and reverse hybridization. Genotyping revealed that CYP2C19 *1, *17, *2, and *8 allele frequencies were, respectively, 0.604, 0.276, 0.117, and 0.0026. After the exclusion of those with 2 loss of function alleles, 186 patients were available for follow-up as long as they were on clopidogrel, or until MACE occurred, which was encountered in 8.6% after a median of 12 months. Among predictors associated with MACE was the carriage of one CYP2C19 loss of function allele {hazard ratio (HR) 8.6 [confidence interval (CI) 3.15–23.4]; P < 0.0005}, hypertension [HR 3.74 (CI 1.06–13.16); P = 0.04], reduced ventricular function [HR 3.88 (1.43–10.54); P = 0.008], and history of previous myocardial infarction [HR 4.9 (CI 1.48–11.33); P = 0.007] by univariate analysis, although only CYP2C19 genotype remained significant by multivariate analysis [HR 11.88 (CI 3.25–43.44); P < 0.0005]. The latter observation favors CYP2C19 genotype–guided antiplatelet therapy and extending the use of alternative antiplatelet drugs to those with single loss of function allele after percutaneous coronary intervention.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles