Population pharmacokinetics of high-dose methotrexate in Japanese adult patients with malignancies: a concurrent analysis of the serum and urine concentration data

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Abstract

Objective

This study aimed to develop a population pharmacokinetic model for high-dose methotrexate (MTX), specifically focusing on the drug urinary excretion process.

Methods and results

Three hundred and forty-eight serum samples and 416 urine samples from 51 Japanese adult patients with malignancies were concurrently fitted into a multi-compartment model using the nonmem program. In the final model, creatinine clearance (CCR, mL/min) and the MTX dose (DOSE10G; 0 when <10 g, 1 when ≥10 g) were the most significant factors that affected the renal clearance (CLr) and non-renal clearance (CLnr), respectively: CLr(L/h) = 5·57 × (CCR/80·0)0·112, V1(L) = 26·9, Q(L/h) = 0·0778, V2(L) = 2·27, CLnr(L/h) = 0·567 × 3·39DOSE10G, where V1 and V2 are the volumes of distribution of the central and peripheral compartments, respectively, and Q is the inter-compartmental (central–peripheral) clearance. For another nine patients, the model enabled a satisfactory Bayesian estimation using two time-point serum concentrations.

Conclusion

The newly developed population pharmacokinetic model should improve the quality of serum concentration monitoring of high-dose MTX to predict and control toxic events.

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