To assess the feasibility of a telephone intervention for HIV-positive patients and their caregivers.Methods
HIV-positive participants, some co-enrolled with their informal caregiver, enrolled in this randomized study. Intervention-arm participants (124 patients and 76 caregivers; dyads assigned to same arm) received up to 12 scheduled calls from an interventionist over 6 months.Results
An average of 7.6 (SD = 3.0) calls to each participant was completed; 66.5% received at least 6 calls; 43.0% received more than 75% of the intervention (defined as ‘study adherent’). Having a higher T-cell count was associated with call adherence (p =.014); cocaine use was associated with reduced call adherence for both patients (p =.019) and caregivers (p =.083). Common telephone themes included problems with mood, relationships, finances, housing, and work; interventions (e.g., referral for mental health care) were initiated in response to these. Participant satisfaction was high, and many reported benefits from the intervention.Conclusions
Using a telephone intervention with HIV-positive patients and their caregivers is a feasible and potentially beneficial intervention.