Effect of periodontal treatment on IL-1β, IL-1ra, and IL-10 levels in gingival crevicular fluid in patients with aggressive periodontitis

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of phase I periodontal treatment on the levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-1ra, and IL-10 in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) in patients with generalized aggressive periodontitis (G-AgP).

Material and Methods

Data were obtained from 15 patients with aggressive periodontitis and 15 healthy controls. GCF was collected from at least four pre-selected sites (one shallow, at least two moderate, or at least one deep pockets) in patients with G-AgP. In the healthy group, GCF samples were collected from one site. The cytokine levels were determined by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Probing depth, clinical attachment level (CAL), gingival and plaque indices, and bleeding on probing were measured. The GCF sampling and clinical measurements were recorded at baseline and 6 weeks later after periodontal treatment.

Results

IL-1β levels were significantly higher at the moderate and deep pocket sites compared with the shallow sites (p<0.05). After periodontal therapy, IL-1β levels were significantly reduced in the moderate and deep pocket sites (p<0.05). IL-1ra levels at baseline of the moderate and deep pocket sites were significantly lower than the control sites (p<0.05). IL-10 levels were similar in all pockets and did not change after periodontal therapy.

Conclusions

The periodontal treatment improves the clinical parameters in G-AgP, and this improvement is evident in deep pocket sites for pocket depth and CAL values. These results confirm that IL-1β is effective for evaluating the periodontal inflammation and can thus be used as a laboratory tool for assessing the activity of periodontal disease.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles