To evaluate the effects of fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 on the healing of surgical periodontal defects in rats with early, streptozotocin-induced diabetes.Materials and Methods:
Fifty Wistar rats were assigned to streptozotocin-induced diabetes or non-diabetes group. Periodontal defects were surgically created at maxillary first molars. Defects were treated with hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) or FGF-2 with HPC. Defect fill was evaluated by microcomputed tomography. Histological and immunohistochemical analyses were performed.Results:
Compared to vehicle alone, FGF-2 treatment yielded significantly greater bone volume and trabecular thickness in diabetes group. Diabetes group displayed reduced new bone formation and significantly longer epithelial down-growth compared to non-diabetes group. In diabetes group, FGF-2 treatment increased PCNA-positive cells and new bone formation after 2 weeks and suppressed epithelial down-growth, but new cementum formation was minimal even after 4 weeks. In diabetes group, overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor was evident in cells within connective tissue, and no significant enhancement was observed by FGF-2 treatment. FGF-2 increased the expression of α-smooth muscle actin in diabetes group.Conclusions:
Treatment of surgical periodontal defects in diabetic rats with the single application of FGF-2 provided beneficial effects primarily on new bone formation via increasing cell proliferation and regulating angiogenesis.