Patient-Reported Outcomes in Cardiac Rehabilitation: WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT PROGRAM SATISFACTION? A REVIEW

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Abstract

PURPOSE:

Patient satisfaction has become an important indicator of quality and may be related to greater adherence to cardiac rehabilitation (CR). The objectives of this narrative review were to investigate (1) patient satisfaction with CR and its relationship to adherence or health outcomes, and (2) assessment tools applicable to CR.

METHODS:

A literature search was conducted on key resource databases, including MEDLINE, Health and Psychosocial Instruments, and Patient-Reported Outcomes and Quality of Life Instruments. A focused Internet and gray literature search was also conducted.

RESULTS OF DATA SYNTHESIS:

Eight studies were included. Patient satisfaction was high overall, especially related to education received. In 4 studies, patient satisfaction with treatment was compared in patients who attended CR with those who did not. In 2 of these studies where items were investigator generated, significant differences favoring CR were found. In the 2 studies where the treatment satisfaction subscale of the Seattle Angina Questionnaire was administered, no differences were observed. Only 1 study was identified, which examined the relationship of patient satisfaction with any outcome, and revealed that greater satisfaction was related to greater program adherence. There was a dearth of valid assessment tools.

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite recommendations in CR association guidelines to consider patient satisfaction, there is an absence of research assessing it. The studies that have assessed it administered tools of questionable psychometric rigor. It remains to be determined whether patient satisfaction is related to any meaningful outcomes.

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