Usefulness of NT-Pro-BNP and Echocardiography in the Diagnosis of Subclinical Clozapine-Related Cardiotoxicity

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Abstract

Background:

Available information regarding clozapine-related cardiomyopathy is limited to reports of severe left ventricular dysfunction not rarely with fatal clinical evolution. A subclinical cardiotoxic effect might be diagnosed using echocardiography and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide assay.

Methods:

Thirty-eight patients with psychotic disorder in chronic therapy with clozapine (24 male and 14 female subjects; mean age, 38.4 years) were enrolled. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was measured by area-length method (average of 5 measurements).

Results:

Twelve patients showed a mild depression of left ventricular function (LVEF between 50% and 55%), 2 LVEF less than 50% and 1 less than 30%. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide as a predictor of left ventricular dysfunction was 0.87.

Conclusions:

A subclinical left ventricular dysfunction was found in 3 of 38 patients, whereas a mild impairment of the left ventricular systolic function occurred in 1 of 3 of young, previously healthy, clozapine-treated patients A prospective study in clozapine-naive patients may be useful to better understand cardiotoxic effects of clozapine.

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