Neurophysiological Effects of Bitopertin in Schizophrenia

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Purpose/BackgroundDeficits in N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) function contribute to symptoms and cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia and are associated with impaired generation of event-related potential measures including auditory mismatch negativity. Parallel studies of the NMDAR agonist D-serine have suggested that sensitivity of these measures to glutamate-based interventions is related to symptomatic and cognitive response. Bitopertin is a selective inhibitor of glycine transport. This study investigates effects of bitopertin on NMDAR-related event-related potential deficits in schizophrenia.Methods/ProceduresPatients with schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder were treated with bitopertin (10 mg, n = 29), in a double-blind, parallel group investigation. Auditory mismatch negativity served as primary outcome measures. Secondary measures included clinical symptoms and neurocognitive performance.Findings/ResultsNo significant changes were seen with bitopertin for neurophysiological, clinical, or neurocognitive assessments.Implications/ConclusionsThese findings represent the first assessment of the effect of bitopertin on neurophysiological biomarkers. Bitopertin did not significantly affect either symptoms or NMDAR-related biomarkers at the dose tested (10 mg). Mismatch negativity showed high test-retest reliability, supporting its use as a target engagement measure.

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