The effectiveness of selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitors in the improvement of schizophrenia is a controversial issue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fluvoxamine on the symptoms of schizophrenia including positive and negative symptoms, cognitive impairment, and quality of life.Methods/Procedures
This clinical trial was performed on 68 patients with chronic schizophrenia, treated with risperidone at 22 Bahman Hospital of Qazvin, Iran during 2015 to 2016. The patients were randomly divided into control and intervention groups (34 patients per group). The control group was treated with risperidone and biperiden, whereas the intervention group received fluvoxamine, besides risperidone, and biperiden. The participants completed the Wechsler Memory Scale, Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms, Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale, and the findings were statistically analyzed at baseline and postintervention (8 and 10 weeks).Findings/Results
The mean ± SD Wechsler Memory Scale scores in the evaluated intervals (baseline, week 8, and week 10), respectively, were 70.58 ± 11.51, 70.76 ± 11.36, and 70.88 ± 11.40 in the control group and 74.76 ± 10.56, 77.76 ± 10.56, and 77.76 ± 10.73 in the intervention group (F = 126.73, P ≤ 0.001). The difference between the groups in terms of SANS and quality of life scores was significant in the specified intervals, SANS (F = 6.36, P = 0.004), and quality of life (F = 15.13, P ≤ 0.001). Nevertheless, no difference was observed in terms of Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms scores (P > 0.05).Implications/Conclusions
The results indicated that risperidone augmentation with fluvoxamine could significantly improve cognitive impairments and negative symptoms among patients with schizophrenia. Moreover, this augmentation led to higher quality of life among these patients.