Levels of oxidized low-density lipoproteins are increased in patients with severe sepsis

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Abstract

Background:

It was hypothesized that the inflammatory response of patients with severe sepsis may result in changes of plasma levels of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (ox-LDLs) and that drotrecogin α (activated) (DAA) (Xigris, Eli Lilly and Company [Indiana 46285, USA]) may influence ox-LDL levels.

Materials and Methods:

The ox-LDL levels were measured in severe septic patients on day 1, 4, and 7 of severe sepsis. Patients were treated either with or without DAA.

Results:

The ox-LDL levels increased significantly (P < .05) from day 1 to day 7 (day 1, mean ± SEM, 25.4 ± 1.8 U/L; day 4, mean ± SEM, 34.3 ± 2.1 U/L; day 7, mean ± SEM, 38.3 ± 2.1 U/L) in all patients (n = 68). The ox-LDL levels increased significantly from day 1 to day 7 both in patients treated with (n = 31) and without DAA (n = 37) (P < .001) (DAA-group: day 1, mean ± SEM, 24.4 ± 2.8 U/L; day 4, mean ± SEM, 35.5 ± 2.9 U/L; day 7, mean ± SEM, 40.7 ± 3.2 U/L) (control group: day 1, mean ± SEM, 26.3 ± 2.8 U/L; day 4, mean ± SEM, 33.2 ± 2.9 U/L; day 7, mean ± SEM, 36.4 ± 2.9 U/L). No significant differences of ox-LDL levels were observed between both groups at any point of time (P > .05).

Conclusions:

The ox-LDL concentrations increase significantly during the first week of severe sepsis and are not affected by administration of drotrecogin α (activated) (Xigris).

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