ICU team composition and its association with ABCDE implementation in a quality collaborative☆

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Awakening, Breathing Coordination, Delirium, and Early Mobility bundle (ABCDE) should involve an interprofessional team, yet no studies describe what team composition supports implementation.

Materials & methods:

We administered a survey at MHA Keystone Center ICU 2015 workshop. We measured team composition by the frequency of nurse, respiratory therapist, physician, physical therapist, nurse practitioner/physician assistant or nursing assistant involvement in 1) spontaneous awakening trials (SATs), 2) spontaneous breathing trials, 3) delirium and 4) early mobility. We assessed ABCDE implementation using a 5-point Likert (“routine part of every patient's care” - “no plans to implement”). We used ordinal logistic regression to examine team composition and ABCDE implementation, adjusting for confounders and clustering.


From 293 surveys (75% response rate), we found that frequent nurse [OR 6.1 (1.1–34.9)] and physician involvement [OR 4.2 (1.3–13.4)] in SATs, nurse [OR 4.7 (1.6–13.4)] and nursing assistant's involvement [OR 3.9 (1.2–13.5)] in delirium and nurse [OR 2.8 (1.2–6.7)], physician [OR (3.6 (1.2–10.3)], and nursing assistants' involvement [OR 2.3 (1.1–4.8)] in early mobility were significantly associated with higher odds of routine ABCDE implementation.


ABCDE implementation was associated with frequent involvement of team members, suggesting a need for role articulation and coordination.

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