Current practice of diagnosis and management of acute kidney injury in intensive care unit in resource limited settings

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Abstract

Purpose:

In a resource limited settings, there is sparse information about the management of acute kidney injury (AKI) based on systemic data collection. This survey aimed to described the current management of AKI in intensive care units (ICUs) across Thailand.

Materials and methods:

Questionnaires were distributed to 160 physicians involved in the intensive care between January and December 2014 across Thailand. Distribution was done through an online survey platform or telephone interview.

Results:

The response rate was 80.6% (129 physicians). AKI diagnosis was mostly made by using KDIGO criteria (36.7%). A common diagnostic investigation of AKI was urinalysis (86%). Nephrologists had a major role (86.4%) in deciding the initiation and selection of renal replacement therapy (RRT) modality. Intermittent hemodialysis is the preferable mode of RRT (72.0%), followed by continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT, 12%), sustained low efficiency dialysis (10.0%) and peritoneal dialysis (6.0%). Catheter insertion was predominantly performed by nephrologist (51.1%) with ultrasound guidance. The right internal jugular vein was the most common site of insertion (70.4%). The most common indication for CRRT was hemodynamic instability.

Conclusions:

Amid increasing concern of AKI in the ICU, our study provides the insight into the management of AKI in resource limited settings.

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