Potential Human Impact on Coastal Area, Antalya - Turkey

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Abstract

ABSTRACT

LEVENTELI, Y., 2011. Potential Human Impact on Coastal Area, Antalya -Turkey. In: Micallef, A. (ed.), MCRR3-2010 Conference Proceedings, Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue, No. 61, pp. 403-407. Grosseto, Tuscany, Italy, ISSN 0749-0208.

Tahtali Mountain rises sharply by the sea and reaches a height of 2366 meters in the South-eastern Teke Peninsula, in the Western part of the Antalya Bay, Turkey. It is surrounded by Kemer, Çamyuva, Tekirova which are well known touristic places. The mountain mainly consists of limestone which is characterized by karstic forms such as dolines. These karstic features are filled with snow in winter and recharge the coastal aquifer. Groundwater chemistry reflects rock characteristics in the aquifer. This aquifer supplies domestic water for villages and touristic towns.

A private company is planning to construct a ski resort in spite of restrictions on construction, inappropriate morphology, inadequate snow cover and snow quality which is unsuitable for skiing. The construction of the resort and the aerial cableway has already been finished. As the facility grows, unfortunately, more structures will be built. This will alter the hydrological balance in the coastal area in terms of quantity and quality. The domestic water of the existing settlements will be contaminated because more than 150.000 people will use this area. Besides, the quantity of groundwater will decrease because karstic forms will be filled which means the salt water intrusion along the coastal aquifer will be increased. As an alternative, eco-friendly and recreational tourist opportunities should be explored.

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