Onshore Bar Migration in a Fetch/Limited Strong Wind Bay

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Abstract

ABSTRACT

WONG, H and STEPHENSON, W., 2011. Onshore Bar Migration in a Fetch/Limited Strong Wing Bay. In: Micallef, A. (ed.), MCRR3-2010 Conference Proceedings, Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue, No. 61, pp. 458-469. Grosseto, Tuscany, Italy, ISSN 0749-0208.

This paper investigates bar migration in a fetch limited strong wind bay (Seaford Beach SE Australia). Onshore bar migration on open ocean beaches is dependant on long period swell wave and occurs during low energy conditions. However, in a fetch limited environment such waves are absent and most studies suggest that during low energy conditions the beach remains in an arrested state (Jackson et al. 2002). This paper spans a three month study period (15th March - 8th June 2008). Measurement of near shore morphology and wind data were collected. The two bars at Seaford behaved very differently; both onshore and offshore migration was detected during the three recorded storm events. The paper found that, firstly, wave breaking was incomplete in the middle bar during event 1 - the inner bar migrated offshore. Secondly wave breaking in the middle bar was almost complete during event 2 and the inner bar migrated onshore. Thirdly when wave breaking was complete in the middle bar during event 3 - the inner bar remained arrested on some profiles but bar height increased on others. The wave steepness threshold for onshore migration of the inner bar was parameterized s 0.041 - 0.042. Beach sediment modeling in fetch limited strong wind bays remains understudied. Our results should help to improve the predictive capability of beach sediment budgets in fetch limited strong wind bays.

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