Application of Satellite Remote Sensing for Investigation of Suspended Sediment Dispersion Pattern in the Near Shore Region: A Case Study from the Central West Coast of India

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Abstract

NAYAK, S.R.; HEGDE, V.S.; SHALINI, R.; RAJAWAT, A.S.; ALI, M.; VENKATESHWARLU, B., and RAMANA, I.V., 2012. Application of satellite remote sensing for investigation of suspended sediment dispersion pattern in the near shore region: A case study from the Central West Coast of India. Journal of Coastal Research, 28(2), 399–406. West Palm Beach (Florida), ISSN 0749–0208.

Indian Remote Sensing -P4 (IRS P4) Ocean Color Monitor (OCM) data is used to understand seasonal variations in suspended sediment (SS) dispersal pattern in the near-shore waters of the Central West Coast of India. Four distinct patterns of sediment dispersion are observed. (1) During monsoon, plume-like sediment dispersion seaward is observed especially in the mouths of rivers. (2) As the monsoon progresses, there is northerly transport of sediments with anticlockwise pattern within the plumes. (3) During NE monsoon, sediment concentration is less and its transport is southward. (4) During premonsoon, SS concentration is high in the near-shore water and transport is landward. Sequential OCM data analyses indicated the influence of tidal currents, especially during premonsoon in the vicinity of the river mouths on sediments dispersion. During rising tide, sediments move into the estuary, and during falling tide they flow seaward resulting in erosion and formation of shoals. Sediment-dispersal patterns largely follow wind and wave patterns, a characteristic feature of the mesotidal coast. Presence of a number of mudflats within the estuary along with the siltation in the channels suggests that a net landward transport of sediments occur in the region.

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