This study was conducted to show dimensional and volumetric changes after vertical alveolar distraction osteogenesis using a three-dimensional computed tomography measurement method.Materials:
Four patients with mandibular alveolar ridge atrophy were evaluated. Three-dimensional computed tomography reconstructions were obtained 2 weeks before and 3 months after the operation. The results of the three-dimensional computed tomography measurements were used for preoperative planning and for quantitative assessment of the mandibular alveolar distraction. The results of the preoperative and postoperative three-dimensional computed tomography measurements were compared statistically using paired t-test.Results:
The increase in distracted mandibular segment volume and surface area, height, and width of each slice after distraction were statistically significant (P < 0.001).Conclusion:
In atrophic jaw cases, the dimensions of the present alveolar bone were clearly measured so that the amount of augmentation needed could be estimated. Three-dimensional computed tomography provided better understanding of the effects of distraction osteogenesis on the anterior mandible. Newly formed bone can be viewed as close to its real dimensions after distraction osteogenesis.