Craniofacial reconstruction of cases with complex anatomy challenges surgeons. The recently emerging field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine has resulted in a variety of novel therapeutic concepts particularly in the craniofacial area. However, researchers still face significant problems when translating scientific concepts from the bench to the bedside. Reconstruction procedures depend on sustainability, aesthetic outcome, and functionality. Tissue engineering approaches yield powerful tools for long-term satisfying results enabling customized reconstruction and supporting natural healing processes. In conclusion, further advances of tissue-engineered reconstruction need multidisciplinary research to create complex tissue structures and make satisfactory outcomes clinically achievable for most patients. This review highlights clinical advances in the field and gives an overview about current scientific concepts.