Change of the Orbital Volume Ratio in Pure Blow-out Fractures Depending on Fracture Location

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Abstract

The purposes of this study were to observe bony orbital volume (OV) changes in pure blow-out fractures according to fracture location using a facial computed tomographic scan and to investigate whether the OV measurements can be used as a quantitative value for the evaluation of the surgical results of the acute blow-out fracture.

Forty-five patients with unilateral pure blow-out fracture were divided into 3 groups: inferior (group I), inferior medial (group IM), and medial (group M) orbital wall fracture. The OV and the orbital volume ratio (OVR) were prospectively measured before and 6 months after surgery with the use of 3-dimensional computed tomographic scans, and the Hertel scale was measured with a Hertel exothalmometer.

The preoperative OVR increased to the greatest extent in group IM, and the mean preoperative OVR was 121.46. The mean preoperative OVR in group I was significantly higher than that of group M (P = 0.005). The OV and OVR revealed a statistically significant decrease after the surgery (P = 0.000). The Hertel scale improved from −1.04 mm before the surgery to −0.78 mm after the surgery, but no significant difference was observed (P = 0.051).

The OVR was useful as a quantitative value to evaluate pure blow-out fractures, compared with that of the Hertel scale. Fracture location–associated OVR studies are needed to make volume guidelines of blow-out fracture surgery.

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