Evaluation of 3 Different Registration Techniques in Image-Guided Bimaxillary Surgery

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Perioperative navigation is an upcoming tool in orthognathic surgery. This study aimed to access the feasibility of the technique and to evaluate the success rate of 3 different registration methods—facial surface registration, anatomic landmark–based registration, and template-based registration. The BrainLab navigation system (BrainLab AG, Feldkirchen, Germany) was used as an additional precision tool for 85 patients who underwent bimaxillary orthognathic surgery from February 2010 to June 2012. Eighteen cases of facial surface–based registration, 63 cases of anatomic landmark–based registration, and 8 cases of template-based registration were analyzed. The overall success rate of facial surface–based registration was 39%, which was significant lower than template-based (100%, P = 0.013) and anatomic landmark–based registration (95%, P < 0.0001). In all cases with successful registration, the further procedure of surgical navigation was performed. The concept of navigation of the maxilla during bimaxillary orthognathic surgery has been proved to be feasible. The registration process is the critical point regarding success of intraoperative navigation. Anatomic landmark–based registration is a reliable technique for image-guided bimaxillary surgery. In contrast, facial surface–based registration is highly unreliable.

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