Measurement and Analysis of Facial Nerve on Fully Displayed Multislice Computed Tomographic Multiplanar Reconstruction Image

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Abstract

The objectives of this study were to measure the length of horizontal segment of facial nerve (HFN), the length of vertical segment of facial nerve (VFN), and the angle between these 2 segments on a fully displayed multislice computed tomographic multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) images of HFN and VFN and to analyze the data with respects to side, sex, and age. Parameters of 234 patients (468 observations, 118 men and 116 women, aged 4–70 years) with intact temporal bone were measured on multislice computed tomographic multiplanar reconstruction images. The data gained were analyzed by statistical method. The left and right lengths of VFN were significantly different (P < 0.05). And the length of HFN, the length of VFN, and the angle between males and females were significantly different (P < 0.05). We divided the data into 3 groups to study correlations between measurements and age. In underaged group, there was a strong positive correlation between the length of VFN and age; the value of Pearson correlation was 0.645. And there was a weak correlation between the angle and the age; the value of Pearson correlation was 0.270. In older-aged group, there was a moderate negative correlation between the length of VFN and age; the value of Pearson correlation was −0.408. Our results are of high potential to expand the visual field to facial nerve and may provide more detailed information to surgeries of facial nerve, middle ear, and temporal bone.

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