Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Children With Cleft Lip and Palate

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Abstract

Considering the essential need for oral health–related quality-of-life measures for patients with craniofacial malformations, the current study aimed to investigate the oral health–related quality of life of Iranian patients with cleft lip and palate. Fifty children referred to Cleft lip/Palate Research Center of Mashhad Dental School (Iran) were recruited. Participants were asked to complete the Child Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire. The questionnaire comprised 38 items and was divided over 5 subscales. The scores on all subscales were compared with regard to patients’ age, sex, and type of cleft. A significant difference between boys and girls was found on the subscale “emotional well-being” (P = 0.027). There was no significant difference between 8- to 12-year-old patients and those older than 12 years. Also, no significant difference was found between bilateral and unilateral cleft lip and palate patients regarding mean score of Child Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire and its subscales. Oral health–related quality of life of cleft lip and palate patients did not change with patients’ age. Also, the impact of unilateral and bilateral clefts on OHRQoL was similar. Quality of life of girls was more affected by oral health.

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