Postintubation Laryngotracheal Stenosis: Assessing the Success of Surgery

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Abstract

Objective

This study evaluated the outcome in adult patients with laryngotracheal stenosis (LTS) and assessed the effect of procedures on their quality-of-life scores.

Methods

The study included 15 adult patients with LTS (11 males [73.3%], 4 females [26.7%]; mean age, 32 years [range, 10–52 years]) treated at the Department of Otolaryngology Head and Surgery Clinic, İzmir Atatürk Research Hospital, Turkey, from 1997 to 2008. Success of the surgery is evaluated by decanullation rate, Short form-36 (SF-36), and the Medical Research Council dyspnea scale.

Results

The etiology of the LTS was intubation related in 14 cases (93.3%) and idiopathic in 1 case. According to the Myers-Cotton classification, 2 (13%), 8 (54%), and 5 (33%) patients were at stages 2 to 4, respectively. Fourteen patients had a mean follow-up of 57 months (range, 24–256 months). The stenotic segment involved 1 to 3 cm (mean, 1.7 cm) of trachea, and 2 to 5 tracheal rings (mean, 3.1) were resected. Postoperative decannulation was achieved in 13 patients (86.6%). In the short form-36 questionnaire, all of the parameters except for “role-emotional” were found to be significant (P < 0.01). The Medical Research Council dyspnea scale assessment revealed a significant (P < 0.001) decrease postoperatively.

Conclusions

Segmental resection with primary anastomosis is an effective method and can be used as the first option in selected cases of advanced stenosis.

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