Access to the Skull Base: Modular Facial Disassembly

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Abstract

Access to the skull base is not new. The different modules of the facial skeleton can be removed to give access to the skull base based on target zones, which were first described by Grime et al in 1991. However, the vertical plane is not considered, and this article adds to the original classification and develops a decision-making algorithm for preferred access to identified lesions of the skull base.

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