Long-Term Morphological Outcomes in Nonsyndromic Sagittal Craniosynostosis: a Comparison of 2 Techniques

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Correction of scaphocephaly is one of the principle goals of surgery in sagittal craniosynostosis. Reported relapse in head shape after surgery and continued head growth into late adolescence underscores the need for long-term outcomes to be considered when comparing between different surgical approaches in this condition; yet there are relatively few reports of results to 5 years and beyond in the literature. Therefore, a retrospective review was performed of the anthropometric data of 224 patients with sagittal craniosynostosis who underwent primary surgery between 1994 and 2012. During this period, patients underwent either a modified strip craniectomy (MSC) or calvarial remodeling (CR) procedure. Sixty-two patients were treated by MSC and followed up for a mean of 44 months. One hundred sixty-two patients had CR, with follow-up for a mean of 45 months. Overall, 90 patients were seen up to 5 years, and 47 patients to 9 years or more after surgery. The cephalic index (CI) of MSC-treated patients improved from a mean of 67.0 to 72.7, with 31% achieving a CI greater than 75 at one year. Calvarial remodeling was significantly more effective at correcting the scaphocephalic deformity. Patients treated with CR improved from a mean CI of 66.7 to 76.1. Sixty-two percent of the patients achieved a CI greater than 75. In both groups, outcomes were stable throughout follow-up with no significant relapse up to 14 years after surgery.

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