Cherubism is an uncommon hereditary benign fibro-osseous disorder characterized by bilateral enlargement of the mandible and the maxilla that presents with varying degrees of involvement and a tendency toward spontaneous remission.
The first visit was in 2002. A 16-year-old female was referred to an orthodontist for correction of her dental crowding. In the radiographic examination that was taken for her treatment the first time in 2002, a jaw bone lesion was discovered accidentally. X-ray panoramic imaging revealed well-defined multilocular radiolucencies involving the posterior body of the mandible and ascending rami with displaced teeth. This lesion had no effect on inferior alveolar canal and maxilla.
There was no significant past medical history, and there was no family history suggestive of a similar complaint. On extraoral examination, there was no swelling in both rami of the mandible and face. Histopathological examination of the biopsy specimen showed proliferating fibrous connective tissue interspersed by multinucleated giant cells. It was diagnosed as a case nonfamilial cherubism. An extensive long-term follow-up till 12 years was maintained. In 2014, after 12-years follow-up for this lesion, panoramic imaging examination showed progress of this lesion in mandible and maxilla.