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A primary intraosseous hemangioma (IOH) of the orbital bone is extremely rare. The preferred method of treatment for IOH is total surgical excision with reconstruction. Herein, the authors describe a patient with an orbital roof IOH and the unexpected complications of ptosis and deteriorated exophthalmos. These findings showed that the total surgical excision and subsequent reconstruction provided adequate decompression and prevented further ocular complications from the orbital wall defect.