Tick Infestation of the Eyelid and Removal With Forceps and Punch Biopsy

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Abstract

Ocular tick infestation can occur in any age group or sex with exposure in an endemic setting. All parts of the ocular tissue have been reported to be susceptible to tick infestation. The authors present a rare patient with tick infestation of eyelid.

An 88-year-old woman was referred for a yellowish lesion of the right upper eyelid. She had a history of sting 2 days before presentation, and developed eyelid swelling with mucopurulent discharge the next day. Slit lamp examination showed blepharitis and revealed that the lesion was the body of a hard tick, firmly attached to eyelid. First, blunt forceps were used for removal of the tick under a surgical microscope. However, attempted removal resulted in the disembodiement of the parasite and retention of the mouthparts in the skin. The retained tick parts were excised en bloc by skin punch biopsy. The tick was identified as Ixodes nipponensis. Subsequent treatment was given for blepharitis and skin lesion.

This case introduces a rare patient with tick infestation of eyelid, and the proper management. Less than 20 documented patients with tick infestation of eyelid have been reported worldwide, and this is the first patient from South Korea in ophthalmological society.

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