Eyebrow Shapes Over the Last Century

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze eyebrow shapes as represented in the British edition of “Vogue” over the last century (1916–2015). Photographs containing distinguishable eyebrows were selected from a book entitled “Vogue 100: A Century of Style.” A total of 120 frontal pictures in which the eye and eyebrows were identifiable were included and analyzed. The relative width of the eyebrow (REW), as well as relative medial (RMH), midpupillary (RPH), and lateral (RLH) eyebrow height were measured in reference to the length of the palpebral fissure. Types of brow arches and arch shapes were also classified. The REW was 1.64 ± 0.24, and did not differ significantly over time (P = 0.118). The RLH (0.60 ± 0.09) was significantly greater than the RMH (0.53 ± 0.17), and the RPH was the shortest of the 3 measures of height (0.36 ± 0.16) (P < 0.001). The RMH (P = 0.515) and RPH (P = 0.848) did not exhibit significant chronological variation. However, the RLH increased over time (P = 0.007, y = 0.001x − 1.047). The distribution of the 6 eyebrow arch types varied significantly (P < 0.001). The Anastasia type (45.8%) was the most frequent, followed by the Hwang (25.0%) and Schreiber (11.7%) types. The Lamas (8.3%), Brit-Vogue (7.5%), and Westmore (1.7%) types were relatively infrequent. The arched type (31.7%) and the tail-up type (30.0%) were frequent, while the head-up type (26.7%) and the horizontal type (11.6%) were less frequent. The results of this study may be useful for planning facial rejuvenation operations, as well as for clinical practitioners dealing with brow esthetics or the tattooing of eyebrows.

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