Mandibular prognathism is usually treated with mandibular setback surgery. However, this approach reduces the pharyngeal airway space, and can aggravate obstructive phenomena in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). While maxillary expansion is known to lead to an increase in the pharyngeal airway volume (PAS), its effect on the PAS in mandibular setback surgery has not yet been reported. The authors report a surgical approach with maxillary expansion in 2 patients with mandibular prognathism that was accompanied by OSA: maxillary midsagittal expansion with minimum maxillary advancement and minor mandibular setback without mandibular anterior segmental osteotomy (ASO) or major mandibular setback with mandibular ASO. Preoperative and postoperative computed tomography and polysomnography indicated that OSA was improved and pharyngeal airway space was increased or sustained, and the prognathic profile could be corrected to an acceptable facial esthetic profile. In summary, maxillary transversal expansion and mandibular setback with or without mandibular ASO can be successfully applied to treat mandibular prognathism with OSA.