Prevalence and Associated Factors of Mandibular Asymmetry in an Adult Population

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Abstract

Background:

This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of mandibular asymmetry and investigate some associated factors.

Methods:

Tomographic images of 952 individuals aged from 18 to 75 years old were analyzed. The investigated outcome was mandibular asymmetry. The explanatory variables included gender, age, absence of posterior teeth, and sagittal jaw relationship of the individuals. Statistical analyses included the chi-squared and the Poisson regression with robust variance.

Results:

Mandibular asymmetry was present in 17.4% of the sample (95% confidence interval 15.2–20.0). In the bivariate analysis, there was an association between the variables age and sagittal jaw relationship with mandibular asymmetry (P = 0.026 and P = 0.018, respectively). However, in the adjusted regression model, the association with age was not maintained, occurring only an association between sagittal jaw relationship and mandibular asymmetry (P = 0.045), with significant difference between individuals with skeletal Class II and skeletal Class III (P = 0.013).

Conclusion:

Mandibular asymmetry was not independently associated with sex, age, or absence of posterior teeth. The only verified independent association was between mandibular asymmetry and sagittal jaw relationship.

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