The relationship between intermittent nocturnal hypoxia and albuminuria in pediatric patients with adenotonsillar hypertrophy was evaluated in this prospective study. Fifty children with grade 3 to 4 adenotonsillar hypertrophy scheduled for adenoidectomy and/or adenotonsillectomy were selected for study group. Fifteen patients with adenotonsillar grade 1 to 2 or adenotonsillectomized subjects in a similar range of sex, age, and body mass index scheduled for other surgeries were selected for control group. All children were monitored using finger pulse oximeter during the night before surgery. At the day of surgery, first morning urine samples were sent to the laboratory for analysis of albuminuria.
Albuminuria was determined in 8 (16%) patients in study group and 1 (6.7%) patient in control group. This difference between groups was determined not to be statistically significant (P > 0.05). None of the pulse oximetry parameters was also found to be associated with albuminuria statistically (P > 0.05). However, the adenoid grade was observed to be associated with albuminuria (P = 0.011).
This study revealed no relationship between albuminuria and intermittent hypoxia in children, although previous studies have reported that intermittent hypoxia causes albuminuria in adults. On the contrary, the adenoid grade was found to be in association with albuminuria. The reason seems to be unclear because of the lack of studies investigating albuminuria in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy. However, inflammatory mediators arising from adenoid tissue may cause increase in renal capillary permeability and urine albumin excretion.