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The purpose of the current study is to compare intersegmental displacements after mandibular setback sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) using 4 types of osteosynthesis methods.This is a retrospective study of 53 subjects who presented underwent bilateral setback SSRO at Pusan National University Hospital from January 2009 to December 2013. The subjects were divided into 4 groups according to the osteosynthesis method applied: group A—modified L-type monocortical plate; B—conventional miniplate; group C—bicortical screws; group D—metal and absorbable screws. To obtain the intersegmental displacement, the mean of the differences of the 3-dimensional from T0 (2 days after surgery) to T1 (6 months after surgery) was calculated for the right and left condylar heads (condylion, Cd) and the right and left coronoid processes (Cps) using 3-dimensional imaging software (Ondemand 3D; Cybermed Co, Seoul, Korea).For the condylion in the x, y, z coordinate system, in group A, there were significant differences in the y-axis for the right and left Cd; in group B, significant differences in the y-axis for the right Cd and in the y- and z-axes for the left Cd; in group C, no significant differences in the axis for the Cd; and in group D, there were significant differences in the y- and z-axes for the right Cd and in the x- and y-axes for the left Cd. For the Cps, the results are not much different from the condylion movement in all group.In the current study, group C manifested the greatest displacement for the healing period. Group A did not show the significant difference to group B. In view of these results, modified L-shaped monocortical plate can be applied for osteosynthesis effectively.