Facial Artery as a Recipient Vessel for Extensive Scalp Reconstruction With Free Omental Flap Without Vein Graft

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Abstract

Most patients with reconstruction for extensive scalp defects require the use of a free flap. The suitability of the recipient vessel has a major impact on the surgery and postoperative outcome. Flaps that can be used to reconstruct the total scalp with a single flap include the latissimus dorsi (LD) and omental flaps; the LD flap is generally preferred since the omental flap results in relatively larger donor site morbidity. The recipient vessel most commonly used for scalp defect reconstruction is the superficial temporal vessel. The authors report a patient with successful total scalp reconstruction using a free omental flap on a patient whose bilateral superficial temporal arteries could not be used and who did not have available LD on both sides due to previous LD free flap surgeries for recurrent scalp angiosarcoma. In this patient, direct anastomosis of the flap to the right facial artery was performed without pedicle lengthening, such as vein graft or arteriovenous loops, and favorable outcome was achieved in terms of facial contour after recovery. The free omental flap is useful for reconstruction of extensive scalp defects without additional complex surgical procedures when other flaps are not viable or when the recipient vessel is located at a far distance.

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