Conservative Treatment for Delayed Infection After Cranioplasty With Titanium Alloy

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Cranioplasty (CP) is considered a low-risk operation in the field of neurosurgery following decompression craniectomy. Nevertheless, CP is still burdened by surgical complications, among which early or late infections are the most common outcome-threatening ones. Most of infection cases occur within a week after CP. Except that, implant-associated scalp infection is the most common complication, and leads to implant removal in many patients with refractory and recurrent infection. The authors reported a patient presenting with epidural infection about 3 months after titanium implant and cured by anti-infective treatment for 2 weeks.

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