Complex Scalp and Calvarium Defects After Giant Basal Cell Carcinoma Excision: Management, Challanges, Outcomes

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Abstract

Giant basal cell carcinoma (GBCC) is defined as a tumor ≥5 cm in diameter. GBCC of scalp usually requires extended resection of soft tissues, calvarium, and dura. In this study, we present 5 patients with GBCC of head, who underwent a single-stage combined scalp, calvarium, and dural reconstruction. Herein, we aim to discuss reconstruction methods, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage, duration of hospital stay, and tumor recurrency. Peroperative and postoperative follow-ups, defect areas, and performed calvarium reconstruction methods of 5 patients, who underwent complex scalp and calvarium reconstruction after GBCC between year 2010 and 2017, were retrospectively maintained. We studied reconstruction methods, CSF leakage, duration of hospital stay, and tumor recurrency. All patients undergone single-stage reconstruction. Avarge duration of hospital stay was 15 days. Titanium mesh was used in 3 patients and methyl methacrylate was used in 2 patients for calvarium reconstruction. CSF leakage was seen in patients who underwent calvarium reconstruction with titanium mesh. Tumor recurrence occured next to calvarium in 1 patient who undergone calvarium reconstruction with methyl methacrylate. CSF leakage and duration of hospital stay may induce morbidity of this oncoplastic procedure. The fact of longer hospital stay of patients reconstructed with titanium mesh might be a new data presented in this study. These parameters can be related with the method of calvarium reconstruction.

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