Surgical Treatment for Extracapsular Condylar Fractures of the Mandible

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Background:Condylar fractures are considered the most controversial mandibular fractures, regarding both the diagnosis and the treatment. With the increase in surgical indications for handling this type of fracture, it is important to discuss about the advantages and disadvantages of the several surgical approaches available. This article describes the surgical details and postoperative results of the mini-retromandibular transparotid approach for treating extracapsular condylar fractures of the mandible.Methods:In a 1-year period, 16 patients affected by extracapsular condylar fractures with surgical indication were treated with the mini-retromandibular transparotid approach. All the surgeries were executed by the same surgeon. Preoperative and postoperative details of each patient were analyzed.Results:In the postoperatory, only 2 patients had purulent drainage in the associated fractures area and only 1 patient had paresis of the buccal branch of the facial nerve. No scar issues concerning the surgical wound were observed and reintervention was not necessary in any of the patients.Conclusion:The mini-retromandibular transparotid approach offers advantages and should be included as an option for the open treatment of extracapsular condylar fractures of the mandible.

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