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Stafne bone defects (SBDs) are asymptomatic lingual bony defects in mandible, which are usually detected as an incidental finding in plain radiographs. Similarly, simple bone cysts (SBCs) are most frequently found in posterior region of the mandible and also are asymptomatic. However, due to anatomical structures overlap in plain radiographs, there is a possibility of misdiagnosing SBD that often is diagnosed by presumptive diagnosis observed in plain radiograph. This report shows an unusual case that a SBC resembles a SBD.