Reconstruction of Wegener Granulomatosis Nose Deformity Using Fascia Lata Graft

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Abstract

Wegener granulomatosis (WG) is a necrotizing vasculitis that involves the upper respiratory tract, the lungs, and the kidneys. It also causes deformities of the nose in practically all patients, altering the cartilaginous and bony structure as well as the inner lining of the nose.

The surgical repair of these nasal distortions is a challenge mainly due to the impairment of wound healing and graft take that is caused both by the disease itself and by the prolonged immunosuppressant treatment.

Many different reconstruction plans have been developed, using costal or calvarial bone grafts, cartilage grafts and local skin and mucosa flaps. Results have been diverse.

The authors present the case of a 56-year-old patient who suffered from WG and consulted for nasal sequelae. She initially underwent several failed attempts at reconstruction; finally, the authors performed a nasal repair using a double strip of fascia lata as a dorsal graft, with no complications and a good aesthetic result.

Fascia lata graft is a new and good option for nasal reconstruction in patients with WG because it is easily obtainable, it can be set in place through closed rhinoplasty and it can achieve good vascularization with low risk of resorption or disease reactivation.

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