Increasing numbers of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Whether postsurgical adverse events (AEs) are higher in patients with SLE than patients with osteoarthritis (OA) is unknown.Objectives
This study aims to compare AEs within 6 months of TKA.Methods
Patients in a single institution’s arthroplasty and SLE registries who underwent TKA from 2007 to 2014 were eligible. SLE cases were matched 1:2 to OA on age, sex, year of TKA, and procedure type. AEs were collected through chart review and registry responses. Baseline characteristics were compared and regression analysis performed to determine predictors of AEs.Results
Fifty-two SLE TKA were matched to 104 OA TKA. There was no difference in follow-up between groups. SLE patients had more comorbidities (≥1 Charlson-Deyo comorbidity: SLE 38.4% vs. OA 17.3%; P-value < 0.001) and steroid use (preoperative [SLE 28.8% vs. OA 1.9%, P-value < 0.001] and perioperative “stress-dose” [30.8% vs. 2.9%, P-value = 0.01]). SLE patients did not experience more major (SLE 25.0% vs. OA 19.2%; P-value = 0.41), minor (15.4% vs. 10.6%; P-value = 0.39), or total (38.5% vs. 27.9%; P-value = 0.18) AEs. AEs were not increased among patients on stress-dose steroids. In a multiple logistic regression analysis controlling for comorbidities and diagnosis, neither SLE (OR 1.61, 95% CI 0.74–3.50) nor >1 comorbidity (OR 1.05, 95% CI 0.46–2.39) was an independent risk factor for AEs.Conclusion
SLE is not an independent risk factor for increased AEs 6 months after TKA. Stress-dose steroid use does not heighten AE risk. These findings should inform recommendations for SLE patients considering TKA.