Increased Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Adipocytokine Levels in a Psoriatic Arthritis Cohort

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Abstract

Objective

The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients according to the most recent definition in a Mediterranean population and to determine its association with biomarkers of inflammation and serum adipocytokine levels.

Methods

Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were collected on 74 patients with PsA and 82 control subjects. The presence of MetS was determined according to the current “harmonization” definition. Serum adipocytokines were analyzed. Continuous variables were compared by t test and discrete variables by χ2 test. Multivariate regression models compared the association between the presence of MetS and the blood levels of adipocytokines.

Results

The prevalence of MetS was higher in PsA patients compared with the control group: 54.8% versus 36.6%, respectively (P = 0.02; odds ratio, 2.33; 95% confidence interval, 1.16–4.69). The main difference between the 2 groups was waist circumference. No association was found between MetS and parameters of articular and skin disease activity or treatment. Leptin levels and leptin/adiponectin ratio were higher in PsA patients compared with control subjects: 83.4 versus 51.7 ng/mL (P = 0.001) and 6.3 × 10−3 versus 4.1 × 10−3 (P = 0.015), respectively. There was no significant difference in the adiponectin levels between the groups.

Conclusions

The prevalence of MetS was higher in PsA patients compared with non-PsA control subjects in this Mediterranean population. Clinicians caring for PsA patients ought to be aware of the increased risk of MetS in PsA patients, confirmed in different regions worldwide. The increased MetS seems to be linked to central obesity in these patients, and appropriate treatment recommendations are advised.

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