Myocardial Protection in Reoperative Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: Toward Decreasing Morbidity and Mortality

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Redo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with higher morbidity and mortality when compared to first-time CABG. Myocardial infarction and dysfunction contribute significantly to the increased risk of redo CABG. Results of reoperative coronary surgery have gradually improved, largely because of improvements in myocardial protection techniques. In the present review we will highlight the principles of myocardial protection in redo CABG patients with an emphasis on retrograde cardioplegia.

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