Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement in Patients with Cirrhosis

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Patients with cirrhosis who undergo cardiac operation with extracorporeal circulation are at high risk for operative morbidity and mortality. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) can obviate the need for cardiopulmonary bypass and may reduce operative morbidity in comparison to standard aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in select patients.


Review of 18 patients with aortic valve stenosis and cirrhosis treated with TAVR (n = 6) or SAVR (n = 12). Patient age was 71 years (58 to 83) and STS Predicted Risk of Mortality was 3.2% (0.7 to 12.3). There were 15 males (83%). Child–Turcotte–Pugh stage was A in 10 patients (56%), B in four (22%), and C in two (11%); the median MELD score was nine (7 to 14).


TAVR was successful in all patients without the need for mechanical or cardiopulmonary bypass support. Blood transfusion occurred in four patients (67%) in the TAVR group and in the entire SAVR group. No deaths occurred in the TAVR group, and two (17%) occurred in the SAVR group. Operative complications occurred in two patients (33%) in TAVR group and in eight (67%) in the SAVR group. Hospital stay was five days (3 to 10) in the TAVR group and six (3 to 38) in the SAVR group. All TAVR patients were alive at last follow-up of 219 days (29 to 723), while only five were alive in the SAVR group at 228 days (36 to 719).


Our initial experience with TAVR in patients with cirrhosis is encouraging. The technique may be a viable alternative to SAVR in this high-risk subset of patients.

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