Child maltreatment is an adverse childhood experience associated with reductions in child well-being. This study examines whether an evidence-based parenting intervention delivered to families served by the child welfare system (CWS) affects pediatric health-related quality of life (HRQoL).Method:
This study is a randomized controlled trial of Pathways Triple P (PTP) delivered to families with open child welfare cases for child physical abuse or neglect (N = 119). Children were 5 to 11 years old and remained in the home after the investigation. The primary outcome measure for this study was the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) 4.0, which measures HRQoL across 4 subdomains: physical functioning, emotional functioning, social functioning, and school functioning. Child- and parent-reported PedsQL 4.0 was assessed at baseline and post-test after the 14-week intervention.Results:
Controlling for other factors, children in families randomly assigned to the PTP condition had a significant improvement in overall HRQoL after the intervention compared with families receiving usual services (βchild-report = 6.08, SE = 2.77, p = 0.03; βparent-report = 3.83, SE = 1.88, p = 0.04). Subdomain effect sizes differed when considering children's self-report or parents' proxy report. Children's self-report yielded the largest improvement in emotional functioning, whereas social functioning had the largest gain based on parents' proxy report.Conclusion:
The PTP parenting intervention was associated with higher pediatric HRQoL as reported by both the child and parent. This intervention holds promise to improve child well-being when implemented in the CWS.