Changes in Glycemic Control and Body Weight After Initiation of Dapagliflozin or Basal Insulin Supported Oral Therapy in Type 2 Diabetes: A Primary Care Database Study

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The aim was to compare changes in HbA1c and body weight after initiation of dapagliflozin or basal insulin supported oral therapy (BOT) in type 2 diabetes patients in primary care practices.


Patients from 983 primary care practices who started dapagliflozin or BOT between December 2012 and July 2015 (index date, ID) were retrospectively analyzed (Disease Analyzer; Germany). Changes in HbA1c (%) and body weight (kg) were evaluated 90-270 days after ID. Propensity score (PS) matching (1:1) was used to adjust for differences in baseline clinical characteristics (180-0 days before ID: age, sex, health insurance, diabetologist care, glucose lowering therapy, HbA1c, body mass index) and duration (days) between start of therapies and last HbA1c or weight documentation after ID.


After PS matching, 766 dapagliflozin (mean ± SD; age: 63 ± 10 years; HbA1c: 8.9 ± 1.2%) and 766 BOT (age: 63 ± 10 years; HbA1c: 8.7 ± 1.1%) patients were included. HbA1c decreased by mean (SD) of 1.0% (1.3) in dapagliflozin and by 1.0% (1.4) in BOT patients after 90-270 days (HbA1c reduction; dapagliflozin vs BOT: –0.01%; P = .79). In 440 dapagliflozin users with available data, body weight (97.4 ± 19.9 kg) decreased by 3.1 (5.8) kg after 90-270 days, whereas no significant weight change was observed in 440 matched BOT patients (97.5 ± 19.9 kg) (weight reduction; dapagliflozin vs BOT: –3.0 kg; P < .05).


Initiation of dapagliflozin therapy reduced HbA1c similar to basal insulin with the additional benefit of weight reduction in type 2 diabetes patients treated in general practices.

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