Safety of Insulin Lispro and a Biosimilar Insulin Lispro When Administered Through an Insulin Pump

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Abstract

Background:

SAR342434 (U100; SAR-Lis; insulin lispro) is a biosimilar/follow-on to insulin lispro (U100; Ly-Lis). Similar pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics between the two products has been demonstrated in a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp study. The current study evaluated the safety of SAR-Lis and Ly-Lis when administered by continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII; insulin pumps).

Methods:

This was a randomized, open-label, 2 × 4-week, two-arm crossover study in 27 patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (NCT02603510). The main outcome was the incidence of infusion set occlusions (ISOs), defined as failure to correct hyperglycemia (plasma glucose ≥≥ 300 mg/dl) by 50 mg/dl within 60 minutes by insulin bolus via the pump. Secondary outcomes included intervals between infusion set changes, treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) including infusion site, hypersensitivity reactions and hypoglycemic events, and safety.

Results:

The number of patients reporting at least one ISO was small: 6/25 patients on SAR-Lis reported 14 ISOs and 4/27 on Ly-Lis reported nine ISOs. The estimated difference in ISO risk for SAR-Lis versus Ly-Lis was 7.9% (95% CI, –1.90 to 17.73). Mean interval between infusion set changes for any reason was similar with SAR-Lis (3.09 days) and Ly-Lis (2.95 days). The event rate (events/patient-month) of any hypoglycemia was similar with SAR-Lis (7.15) and Ly-Lis (7.98), as was the percentage of patients who experienced any TEAE (12.0% and 14.8%).

Conclusion:

Both SAR-Lis and Ly-Lis were well tolerated by patients using insulin pumps. The results do not suggest a clinically significant difference in the risk of ISO between SAR-Lis and Ly-Lis when used in CSII.

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