The effects of calcipotriol and methylprednisolone aseponate on bcl-2, p53 and ki-67 expression in psoriasis

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Abstract

Objective

The decrease of physiological apoptosis in the psoriatic lesions is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of psoriasis, and induction of apoptosis was shown to contribute to the regression of psoriatic hyperplasia. In the present study, we compared the effects of calcipotriol and methylprednisolone aseponate (MPA) treatments on bcl-2, p53 and ki-67 expressions in psoriatic patients in order to define a relationship between regulation of apoptosis and healing process in psoriasis.

Methods

Thirty psoriatic patients with stable and moderate chronic plaque psoriasis applied either calcipotriol or MPA ointment for 6 weeks twice daily. Evaluation of bcl-2, p53 and ki-67 positivity was performed at baseline and was repeated at sixth week for each therapy.

Results

The mean percentage of positive keratinocytes was 8.63 ± 7.15% for p53, 20.66 ± 14.45% for ki-67, and 3.74 ± 2.83% for bcl-2 in psoriatic skin at baseline. Normal skin values were 3.27 ± 3.21% for p53, 4.93 ± 4.77% for ki-67, and 1.80 ± 0.41% for bcl-2. The psoriatic skin showed higher ki-67 (P < 0.05) and bcl-2 (P < 0.05) expression rates when compared to normal skin. The p53 positivity observed in psoriatic skin and normal skin was not significantly different (P > 0.05). Following calcipotriol and MPA treatments, there was a significant reduction in p53 and ki-67 positivity accompanied by an increase in bcl-2 positivity (P < 0.05 each). No significant differences were found at sixth week between calcipotriol and MPA groups with respect to p53, ki-67 and bcl-2 positivity (P > 0.05). The post-treatment psoriatic skin showed lower expression of p53, higher expressions of ki-67 and bcl-2 when compared to normal skin (P < 0.05 each).

Conclusion

The results of this study provide evidence that both calcipotriol and MPA decrease the p53 and ki-67 expression and increase bcl-2 expression. However, it should further be elucidated if these changes were the common behaviour of psoriatic keratinocytes to any antipsoriatic medication.

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