Exposure to Secondhand Smoke may Cause Dental Caries in Children

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Article Title and Bibliographic Information

Does secondhand smoke affect the development of dental caries in children? A systematic review.

Article Title and Bibliographic Information

Hanioka T, Ojima M, Tanaka K, Yamamoto M.

Article Title and Bibliographic Information

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2011;8:1503–19.


Rebecca L. Slayton, MS, DDS, PhD


To determine whether secondhand smoke could be a cause of early childhood caries

Source of Funding

Funding was provided by the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare, Japan, including the following: a Grant-in-Aid for Cancer Research (17–1); the Health and Labor Sciences Research Grants for Clinical Cancer Research (H19–010); and Comprehensive Research on Cardiovascular and Life-Style Related Diseases (H19–007). Additional funding was provided by a research grant from the 8020 Promotion Foundation

Type of Study/Design

Systematic review

Level of Evidence

Level 2: Limited-quality, patient-oriented evidence

Strength of Recommendation Grade

Grade B: Inconsistent, limited-quality patient-oriented evidence

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