In the course of electrophysiological experiments, two types of the neurons of the edible snail Helix lucorum were detected, which responded by different way to application of antibodies to the neuron-specific calcium-binding S 100 protein (AS1000). Under effect of AS100, frequency of the action potential (AP) generation in the spontaneously active V1, V3, V17, and RPa6 cells decreased, whereas in V4 and V6 cells increased. On addition of quinine solution the AP generation frequency of these neurons decreased more than twice, while the AP duration (tS) rose 6 times. The combined action of AS100 and quinine did not change statistically significantly the AP generation frequency, membrane potential (MP) and AP generation threshold (APt), as compared with the effect of AS100 in saline. The value of the AP duration (tS) increased 1.6 times, which was less pronounced as compared with the quinine action in saline. This means that AS100 prevents an increase of the AP duration after the quinine application (block of the Ca-depended K-channels). The main AS100 effect at the level of the ionic currents is shown to consist in a decrease of the maximal value of the input current, on average, by 20%, while of the output current, on average, by 12%.