Diencephalo-telencephalic changes of tyrosine hydroxylase in rats and grass frogs after sleep deprivation

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Abstract

Based on sleep deprivation-produced changes of electrographic parameters of the wakefulness-sleep cycle (WSC) in rats and frogs (Rana temporaria), dynamics of activity of tyrosine hydroxylase, the key enzyme of dopamine synthesis, was studied immunohistochemically in substantia nigra and nigrostriatal pathway in rats and in striatum, paraventricular organ, and extrahypothalamic pathways in frogs. Changes in dynamics of tyrosine hydroxylase in rats and in frogs are revealed after the 6-h sleep deprivation and after 2 h of postdeprivation sleep. This allows determining the degree of participation of corticostriatal neuroregulatory and hypothalamo-pituitary neurosecretory systems and their role in regulation of WSC. Possible evolutionary peculiarities of morphofunctional differences in homoiothermal and poikilothermal animals are discussed.

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